Quail Farming

Benefits of Quail Breeding:
Many Quail breeds easily in small place for its small size. Anybody can establish a small Quail farm because of lowest starting expense. 6-8 Quail can be bred in 0.093 square meter place. Quail become adult within five week after born and it gives egg at the age of 6-7 week that’s why it is called as animal’s crops in short time. Each Quail can give 290-300 egg in a year. Its egg and meat is very testy. 72.5% of  broiler Quail l’s body  can be used as meat that means 102-110g.m meat can be found from a Quail which weight 140-150g.m. Quail can survive easily than hen so that maintain cost is saved. No injection and medicine is needed for Quail because Quail don’t suffer from disease like as other animals. After all lowest cost is needed for Quail breeding. Quail is bred in artificial method after born. The whole time of Quail breeding is divided in two part.
1. New born Quail breeding
2. Adult Quail breeding



Brooding :
brooding means breeding Quail in artificial heat at the age of 1 day to 14 day.  Brooding temperature means appropriate temperature for Quail in this time. This temperature helps to improve digest power. Brooding time is very dangerous for new born Quail cause this time is very sensitive. For mismanagement Quail can die.
Breeding:
laying part is 54 week long means till 6-60 week age and breeding part is 20 week long.
There are three method of Quail breeding-
1. Cage system
2. Litter system
3.Combined system

Cage system:
In this method brooding, bearing and breeding is completed in cage. This cage space is depending on number of Quail. Limited place is needed for this system.

Litter system :
 In this method brooding, bearing and breeding is completed in floor which is made by ash, torn paper and other elements. More places are needed than cage system in this method.


Combined system :
in this system brooding part is completed in cage and other part is completed in litter system. 

Food and nutrition of Quail
There is four stages of feed nutrients of Quail breeding-
1. Starter stage
2. Grower stage
3. Layer stage
4. Breeder stage
Starter Stage :
From birth to 3 week aged Quail is very sensitive so they need extra care. Cause this time is critical of their life. Physical growth is in higher label in this stage. It is needed 27%  meat and 2800 kilo calorie strength in their food in starter stage.

Grower Stage :

Physical growth of female Quail is higher than male Quail in this stage. It is needed 27%  meat and 2800 Quail calorie strength in their food in this stage.


Layer/Breeder Stage:
after 6 week Quail lay eggs. It is needed 22% meat and 2700 Quail calorie strength in their food in this stage.

Food table of Quail:
Various nutrition elements is needed in various age for coil. This nutrition should mix for proper food table. There is enough Calcium and phosphorus in food but other nutrition can be less so other elements should mixed as supplementary.

Food table of Japanese Quail.
Elements
(100kg)
    1 to
3 week
   4 to
5 week
   6 to
Other time
Maize
34.80
45.70
34.00
45.70
47.90
46.25
Rice polish
10.00
     -
10.00
    -
      -
     -
Rice Kura
   -
-
-
-
-
8.00
Wheat Kura
-
-
-
-
5.00
-
Almond cake
27.00
20.00
32.00
20.00
23.00
21.00
Maize cake
-
10.00
-
10.00
10.00
10.00
Sunflower cake
15.00
-
10.00
10.00
-
-
Fish meal
6.00
13.00
13.00
13.00
6.00
-
Meat meal
6.00
-
-
-
-
6.00
Bone grain
0.38
0.60
0.30
0.60
1.90
1.50
Limestone
0.40
-
-
-
5.50
6.70
Vitamin-minerals
0.30
0.30
0.30
0.30
0.30
0.30
Mustard cake
-
10.00
-
-
-
-

Easy food table of Japanese Quail in this Country.

  Food element
1 -3 week
4-5 week
6- other week
Wheat grain
50.00
50.00
50.00
Cake of sesame
23.00
23.00
23.00
Dry fish grain
18.00
15.00
12.00
Rice koura
6.00
8.00
9.00
Oyster grain
2.40
3.40
5.30
Salt
0.30
0.30
0.40
Vitamins -minerals
0.30(g.s)
0.30(g.s)
0.30(l.)
Total
100.00
100.00
100.00


Quantity of food of Quail .
Little quantity of food is needed for Quail. Only 400 g.m food is needed for a coil from birth to 5 week.
Age (week)
Male
Female
Average food taking
g.m/coil/day
0
7.2
7.4
-
1
22.8
23.5
3
2
46.3
48.0
8
3
73.3
77.4
11
4
90.5
100.6
15
5
111.93
122.3
17
6
124.5
151.7
21
10
139.8
170.6
23-25
                                            
                                                  
Nursing a Baby Quail .
A baby Quail may be nurtured in a battery or litter process. Whether it is nurtured in a battery or liter process, it must be hard. The room must be built thus the light can be entered in the room; water might not entered into the room in the rainy season. Rats or any other insects might not harm. Besides the room must be aloof from poultry firm. The room must be neat and clean and germ free. The separate room should be used for brooding of baby Quail.
For nursing a baby Quail, the following directions must be followed.
Such as 1.accurate temperature
2. Lot of light
3. Air circulation
4. Food and water management
5. Phickness of baby Quail.
6. Healthy Environment

Nursing Aged Quail .
An aged muddy Quail is nurtured in layer firm or in a case from the age of 6th week. The male and female Quail should be nurtured separately. Generally Quails of aged of seven or eight weeks are kept together for bleeder. For this purpose at The age of three or five weeks when the feather color changes, up to the time of bleeding. They are nurtured separately. Besides the male and female Quail should not be kept together. Rather in necessary the male Quail have to be entered into female Quail for biological intercourse and after fixed time they must be separated though they are fostered  in battery or litter process, battery process is easy, safe and health some for nursing Quail. So firming is firming is profitable in this way. So the Quail farmers have to follow the instructions for nursing Quails. 
Lear Quail’s Table:
Age
(week)
Temperature
Light
(hourly)
Humidity
Floor space
Food space
Water space
1at
35º Fahrenheit
24
60-65
75
2
1
2nd
30 º Fahrenheit
24
60-65
85
2
1
3rd
25 º Fahrenheit
12
55-60
100
2
1
4th
21 º Fahrenheit
12
55-60
115
2.5
1.5
5th
ʺ
12
ʺ
130
2.5
1.5
6th
ʺ
13
ʺ
150
3
2
7th
ʺ
14
ʺ
160
ʺ
ʺ

ʺ
15
ʺ
170
ʺ
ʺ

8th
16
ʺ
180-200
ʺ
ʺ
Other time
9th
16
ʺ
ʺ
ʺ
ʺ
                           

Nursing a Baby Quail:
A baby Quail may be nurtured in a battery or litter process. Whether it is nurtured in a battery or liter process, it must be hard. The room must be built thus the light can be entered in the room; water might not entered into the room in the rainy season. Rats or any other insects might not harm. Besides the room must be aloof from poultry firm. The room must be neat and clean and germ free. The separate room should be used for brooding of baby Quail.
For nursing a baby Quail, the following directions must be followed.
Such as 1.accurate temperature
2. Lot of light
3. Air circulation
4. Food and water management
5. Phickness of baby   
                           
" Nursing a Baby Quail "
A baby Quail may be nurtured in a battery or litter process. Whether it is nurtured in a battery or liter process, it must be hard. The room must be built thus the light can be entered in the room; water might not entered into the room in the rainy season. Rats or any other insects might not harm. Besides the room must be aloof from poultry firm. The room must be neat and clean and germ free. The separate room should be used for brooding of baby Quail.
For nursing a baby Quail , the following directions must be followed.
Such as 1.accurate temperature
2. Lot of light
3. Air circulation
4. Food and water management
5. Density of baby.
6. Healthy Environment

 “Nursing Aged Quail”
An aged muddy Quail is nurtured in layer firm or in a case from the age of 6th week. The male and female Quail should be nurtured separately. Generally Quail of aged of seven or eight weeks are kept together for bleeder. For this purpose at the age of three or five weeks when the feather color changes, up to the time of bleeding. They are nurtured separately. Besides the male and female Quail should not be kept together. Rather in necessary the male Quail  have to be entered into female Quail  for biological intercourse and after fixed time they must be separated though they are fostered  in battery or litter process, battery process is easy, safe and health some for nursing Quail. So firming is firming is profitable in this way. So the Quail farmers have to follow the instructions for nursing                                          

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