Water Melon

     Describing Important of Water Melon.
2. Telling Production Monsoon and environment demand of Water Melon.
3. Describing Cultivation method of water Melon.
4. Knowing Collect crops and production of Water Melon.
5. Knowing about msect and disease and control method of then.

Scientific Name : Cirtullus Vulgaris:
      Water Melon is a lustful and financial crop. In Bangladesh Lantime fruit tree become low gradually and in fact for longtime tree is not enough land . In the sector water Melon is very important . Water Melon reserves a lot of vitamin A Thaiamin and poten. Beverage, jam and cirap are made by Water Melon.

                                                                                    Climate, Land and Soil.
     Water Melon is grown water and much wet is harmfully for Water Melon . In the time of fruit Precocious if are lost. Its draught and warm temperature to lerate power is very high. Crops cannot harm if temperature is 40°+. But temperature is 25° Cent greet – then is is harmful for plant in 30°-40° temperature Water Melon grow well. Water Melon main countries in summer season and in our country only last time of Robe Monsoon and first time of khorif monoon water Melon grows well . Sandy of two groins soil Water melon grows well. Water Melon grows well in sandy of two grains soil by river. Soil PH becomes good 5.0-6.8 .

      Verities :  
Long  time ago Bangladesh Cultivate two verities like patanga and goyalondo. Now we cultivate toeld, glory, tione, world wueen suger baby, champion and amshair. Now-a-days Bangladesh krishi gagasona isstitue allows to cultivate two varities like padma and shagor in all Bangladesh.

Pedigree Extension:
Water Melon pedigree extension is done by seed.
Time of seed Sowing / Weaving:
In Bangladesh Water Lemon Cultivation February to April. In Rainy Season water Limons Cultivations is not possible for much rain and little light. First part of robi monsoon its cultivation is not length for winter. For weaving seeds February firs week is very good.

Seed weight:
Generally Water lemon is grown in rank . For its 850-1000gm/ hector seeds are neded.

Make land and weaving seeds:

Size of bade
Width
Length
250-300c.m.
Land depends on length.
Size of Canal
Width
Length
35 c.m .
25 c.m .
Number of rank in per bade

2
Length
Tree to tree
Rank to Rank
200-250 c.m
200-250 c.m
Size of Tardy
Width
Length
Depth
45 c.m .
45 c.m .
45 c.m .

Number  Of seed
Leave  weaving in tardy.
In polibag.
2
1
Number of tardy in per hector land

1600-2000 .
Seeds Weight
Waving to rank
In polibag
850-1000 gm/ hector.
200-30 gm/hector .

                       

Tardy is made 2-3 week before weaving seed or plant grow. Fertilizer or cow-dug are mixed with tardy soil. If need  water irrigation, it will be give properly. Some times tardy soil is given shifting. 2-3 days before plant for the last time soil is give moving.

Water lemon fertilizer and use: 

Use Method
Time of give Fertilizer
Fertilizer Weight (gm/tardy)


Middle Fruit Land
Nitrogen
T.S.P
M.P
Cow-dug.

Time of making
-------
60
25
10  kg/hector
First over Use
After 10-14 days sprout from a seed.
15
------
10
-------
2nd   over use
When trees become50-60 c.m length .
18
--------
15
------
3rd over  use
Time of coming flower.
18
--------
15
-------
4th over use
When fruit become marble size.
18
--------
15
-------
5th over use
When fruit become ball.
18
--------
15
-------
6th over use
First time of collecting crop.
15
--------
15
------
7th over use
7th over use after 15 days of first time collect crop.
20
--------
15
------
Total (gm/ tardy )

125
60
125
10 kg
Total (kg/hector )

250
120
250
20 Ton


All Fertilizer and cow-dug are give in the tardy and mixed with soil. 2nd over use is given when trees are 50-60 c.m long. After every over use little irrigation will be given. Over use, control useless plant will be done sometime.

Other Nursing:

Irrigation:
Water is give easy is water melon’s land by canal in two sides of bade. Irrigation will be give in the time of blooming flower and increasing fruit. In that time soil wet become 50°. Sometimes water melon cultivates without water. In the time of fruit ripe, irrigation should not give. In water melon land water will not reserve at any time. For this irrigation must be needed.
Artificial pollinate:
In the morning (6 am to 8 am) is the best time for artificial pollinate. Generally number of 5-6 female flower are done pollinate by a male flower, Number of trees fruit will increase for artificial pollinate.
Insects Control:
Vicious Misact of Leaf: Vicious misacts are two kinds. One is black and another is red. Its cat leaf and destroy tree. When this inset number is small then catch it and kill it when number is larger than Marathon 57 Ec 1.12 litter/ hector mix with water and spra it.
Job Insect:
It eats tender rational, leaf and destroy fruit, For control it 1.12 litter/ hector will spra.
Diseases:
For attack this disease water melon tree’s orthodox rotten and destroy the tree. For control it 2.5 g.m dither M-45 Mix with on litter water and spra it.
Anthrocknose:
For attack this disease we can see black stain in leaf, stalif of a leaf, rational and fruit. This dease grow rapidly and destroy tree and fruit.
Collect Crop and Production:
Water Melon ripe depending on verities and environment. After 80-110 days of seed weaving and 30 -45 days of flower pollinate then the fruit ripe.
1st fruit ripe 35-40 days after pollinate.
2nd ‘’ ‘’ 30-35 ‘’ ‘’’ ‘’’
3rd ‘’ ‘’ 20-25 ‘’ ‘’ ‘’
4th ‘’ ‘’ 20-25 ‘’ ‘’ ‘’’
It is difficult to select fix time when water melon ripe. Generally there is no noticeable mark about ripe of fruit. When are separate from the tree then the ripe process stop. For it before full ripe don’t collect crop. Now-a-days that verities are cultivated in our country its color are very green or gradually yellow then it will collect. Int we cultivation carefully we can take 40-70 ton water melon per hector.

5 comments:

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    Neil Thomasson

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