Sweet Gourd

Scientific Name:  Cucurbita Moschata
In the gourd families vegetable Sweet gourd is very important. Based on statistics, In 1995 Bangladesh cultivation 10 thousand he to land produces 6200 ton Sweet gourd ( B.B.S). Sweet pumpkin    is full with vitamin and mineral.
Climate, Land  And Soil :
For cultivating Sweet gourd need dry and-warm climate. For good growing need  15 C to 30 C temperature extending over four month. A lot of sunlight is also need for good good fruit Cultivating sweet gourd need   land. We take care that flood water can't reach the land 2.2-5.8 is proper PH for sweet ground.

Species :
Generally Bangladesh Grow local species. Most them are related with Cucurbita Mosclata kinds.

Pedigree Extension :
Pedigree extension of Sweet gourd is done by seed.

Time Of Seed Grown :
 For Cultivation Sweet gourd its seeds sow the month April-May. However its seeds  sow all the year.Robi monsoon the month of  September- October Sweet gourd seed are grown.

 


















Seed Weight :
Cultivation  Sweet gourd 300-350 gm Seeds are needed Per hector.

Make Land And Sowing Seed :
In house for little cultivation make a tardy and there seeds are sowed. The sun light must be reached the tardy. For cultivation at first give plug and small ladder over field. then make a tardy for sowing seeds. Seeds sow method are given below:

Mode of work

Measure/ Weight.
Size of Bade
Width
5-6 Meter.
Size of Bade
Length
According to the Land Length.
Size of Bade
High
10-15 c.m
Water Extraction Canal
Width
 Depth
30 c.m
20 c.m



Number of rank per Bade

2
Per rank make tardy Distances

2.5-3.0 Meter.
Sowing of seeds depth in Tardy

4-5 Meter.
Per tardy number of Seeds

3-5
Per hector Number of Tardy

1,600-1,111




At the time of making tardy cow dung and fertilizer properly mixed with soil .After 15-20 days gives fertilizer seeds sow on the tardy, 3-5 seeds are sowed fix depth every tardy, After sprout form a seed 2-3 healthful remedy are pouted and others are dropped out



Use Fertilizer : Give below a list about use of fertilizer.

Name  of Fertilizer
Middle fertility soil
Time Of given fertilizer .
Robi monsoon
Khorip Monsoon
Kg/ hector
Gm/ tardy
Kg/ hector
Gm/ tardy
Cow-dung
5 ton
-------
5 ton
-----
Making bade.
------
6 kg
-------
9 kg
Making tardy.
Nitrogen
130
-------
130
------
Making bade.
-------
53
------
76
After 20-25 days of remedy grow.
-------
53
-------
76
After 20-25 days of remedy grow.
T.S.P
50
------
50
-----
Making bade.
------
78
-----
112
Making tardy.
M.P
50
-----
50
-----
Making bade.
------
45
-----
62
After 20-25 days of remedy grow.
------
45
------
62
After 40-45 days of remedy grow.

Other Nursing : 
Irrigation and extraction :
In dry monsoon sweet gourd field needs irrigation . Irrigation is mostly need in the time of flower blossom and fruit increase. In the rainy season extraction is very important.

Make platform or stow setter on soil:
In field or house cultivation of sweet gourd generally use platform. If stalk give on the platform the we get good fruit . But make platform is expensive so we use stow in the field mo stead of platform. Fruit caught  time we use some stow that the fruit cannot fallen sick intimacy with soil.

Artificial pollinate :
Artificial pollinate is very helpful for sweet gourd to take extra holding fruit .Generally morning time (6 am -7pm) is important for artificial pollinate. It is possible 10 female flowers pollinate by a male flower. Artificial pollinate must be closed at 10 am. 
Worms and insects control  :--

Name of Insets
Attack, Mark and harm
Methods of control 
Fly insets of fruit
Insects lay egg on tender fruit in husk then come out worm and destroy the fruit.
Sumithion -1125 Litter/
hector or Deptrexis -85 wp 560m.l /
hector or Deptrexix sp 2250 m.l  / Hector mix  with water (600 Litter) and spra it
Fodder insects
It destroy the green leaf and tender stalk
Malathien 57EC (1125m.l/hector) or Diclorovas 100EC(560m.l/hector) mix with 600 litter water and spra it.
Red Ground vicious                                    
An old insect eat leaf and fruit. Insect stay below leaf and stalk.
Every morning collect insects and kill them.
Epilacona vicious
An old insect eats green part of a leaf and put only vine. Attacked leaf generally  become dry.
Diazinin 60 EC 2 m.l/hector mixed with water and spra it
                  OR
Malation 50EC 1125 m.l/hector mixed with 600 litter water and spra it.






























 Diseases :                                

Powder mildew :                                
white powder is seen on the leaf that destroy the left , 2gm  thiovit or 0.5 m.l tilt 250 Ec mixed  with per litter water and spar it on Sweet Gourd.

























Life time of corp : Most of local kinds Sweet Gourd life time is 120- 170 days.

Collect Crop : Started coming flower 60-70  days. after grown remedy. It can collect at the time of ripe and tender . If we wanted to reserve we collect is when full ripe.

No comments:

Post a Comment