Classification of Goat

Goats are classified according to their origin place, production capability etc. Descripption of some important goat breeds are listed bellow.
Saanen :
Country of Origin: Originated in West and North-West Switzerland.
Height at withers (males & females) (cm.) : 75 to 90
Average Daily Milk Yield in the Tropics (kg.) : 1.0 to 3.0 with a fat % of 3.5.
Color and Horn Character : White to biscuit in color with black spots on the nose, ears, and udder. The breed is polled.

Other Characteristics : 
The goats are large in size with straight nose and erect ears pointed forward and upward. The body has a good dairy conformation and the udder is well developed. It is known as milk queen of the goat world. There appears to be a tendency for them to be sensitive to strong sunlight and thus it needed to shade them and provide indoor management. Average live weight 55-70 kg.

Toggenberg :
Country of Origin: The breed originated from the Toggenberg Valley in north-east Switzerland.
Height at withers (males & females) (cm.) : 65 to 75
Average Daily Milk Yield in the Tropics (kg.) : 1.0 to 3.0 with a fat % of 3.5. lactation period 
extends up to 10 months.
Color and Horn Character: Brown with white stripes on each side of face. Hornless with some exceptions.
Other Characteristics : These are large goats having long thin neck which are kept erect. The skin of the doe is very soft and pliable. The udder is well attached and carried high. Toggenberg are adaptable to a variety of climates, and have, therefore, been found in West Indies, Venezuela, South Africa, Tanzania and in India. Average live weight is 60-65 kg.

Anglo-Nubian :
Country of Origin: The breed was derived from the Nubian type goat (Jamunapari and Zaraibi) by
with English breeds in the UK in the late 19th century.
Height at withers (males & females) (cm.) : 80 to 100
Average Daily Milk Yield in the Tropics (kg.) : 0.8 to 1.2 with 4.5% fat
Color and Horn Character: Color varies but brown and white are usual. Horns when present lie flat over the coat.

Other Characteristics : 
It is one of the most outstanding dual purpose breed. The Anglo-Nubian is usually a big animal with fine skin, glossy coat, long pendulous ears and Roman nose and forehead. The breed has proved to be the most suited to tropical climates and used widely for upgrading indigenous stock for meat and milk in West Indies, Malaysia, Philippines and India. Average live weight varies between 60-70 kg. There are usually 2 kids in a litter

Alpine :
Country of Origin: Originated in the Alps, probably from crossing Swiss Alpine breeds with British goats.
Height at withers (males & females) (cm.) : 75 to 85
Average Daily Milk Yield in the Tropics (kg.) : 0.9 to 1.3 with 3.6% fat
Color and Horn Character : Color varies from black to white to black. They may be horned or polled, when present are of the scimitar (curved) type.
Other Characteristics : The breed is valued first for its milk production. In tropic yield is about 0.9-1.3 kg. per day with 3.6% fat. It has erect ears and straight nose. The breed is more adapted to mountainous areas and in tropical environment. Average live weight is 60-65 kg. The breed is not suited in areas of high humidity . There are usually 2 kids in a litter.

Jamunapari :
There is a great variation in coat color but they are generally white or light yellowish tan with light brown spots on the neck and face, and occasionally patches of tan or black are found on the body. The typical character of the breed is a highly convex nose line with a tuft of hair known as 'Roman nose' or parrot mouth appearance. The ears are very long, flat and drooping. Both sexes are horned with short and thin tail. A thick growth of hair is present on the buttocks, known as feathers. The breed has well developed udder round in shape with large conical teats. : Average daily yield varies from 1.5 to 2.0 kg per day with a total lactation yield of about 200 kg.Usually doe kids once a year, giving birth to single in 57% while twins in 43% cases, They kid once a year.

Beetal :
The Beetal is found throughout the state of Punjab and Haryana and very suitable for commercial  goat farming. True-bred animals are however found in the districts of Gurdaspur, Amritsar and Ferozepur in Punjab. The breed is a good dairy type, second to Jamunapari in size but is superior to it in respect to proliferation and adaptability to various agro climatic zones and also to stall feeding. The breed is large but slightly smaller than Jamunapari and good dairy type. Coat color is variable, predominantly black (about 90%) or brown (10%) having spots of different sizes. The ears are long and flat, curled and drooping. Both sexes have thick, medium-sizes. The ears are long and flat, curled and drooping. Both sexes have thick, medium-sized horns, carried horizontally with a slight twist directed backward and upward. Roman nose. Male possesses marked beard while females are beardless. The tail is small and thin. The udder is large and developed having big conical teats. Yield per lactation varies from 150-190 kg, averaging daily yield 2.0 kg. The litter size single 41%, twins 53% and triplets 6%.

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