Necessity of Cow’s Food

For physical growth, producing milk and beef, sexual activity and for other reason appropriate food is unavoidable for cow. Various scale of food is needed for various purposes. There are two kinds of cow. One is for producing milk and another is for meat. So, extra nutrition is needed for those kinds of cow. If there is lack of nutritious elements of food it can’t be good for those kinds of cow and for this cow can suffer from malnutrition. For strength non vegetarian food and for production metabolism food is needed and a big amount of pure water is also needed. There is difference in digestible nutrients of various foods. Metabolism and non vegetarian food give same nutrition but oily food gives more than double nutrition than Metabolism and non vegetarian food. Non vegetarian food not only gives stamina it also give amino acid. Vitamins, metabolism and other ingredients are needed for total nutrition.

Balanced Diet :
Balanced diet means that food which contains all the nutritious elements. Balanced diet is needed for every cow, because lack of balanced diet cow suffers from malnutrition. As a result production decreases. Balanced diet must have following conditions.
1. It will be palatable.
2. Appropriate quantity and bulk.
3. It will be testy.
4. And also be cheap. 


There are three types of food of cow.
1. Roughages. – Straw, green grass, spinach, silage.
2. Concentrates. – Grain, husk, oil-cake, husk of rice.
3. Feed additives. – Various vitamins and minerals.
Thumb Rule:
1. Provide Roughages food daily as much as a cow can eat.
2. Provide extra 0.5 kg Concentrates food with straw and grass for per
    1.5 litter milk production.
3. If cow only eat straw then provide extra 0.5 kg Concentrates food
   with straw for per 1.25 litter milk production.
Holstein Friesian :
Holstein Friesian is originated in frig land of Holland but now it found in everywhere. It is the biggest cow among milk producing cow. The weight of cow is average 750 kg and weight of bull is about 1100 kg. color of  body of these cow is mixed with black and white. The weight of calf is average 40-45 kg in birth time and be mature later than other cow. These cow give milk average 4500-9000 litter in a year. The rate of fat in milk is 3.5%. this type of cow is famous for milk among milk producing cow.


Jersey:                                                      
Jersey is originated in jersey of England, Guearency, Alderney and sarf channel but now it is found everywhere of Europe and America. It is the smallest cow among milk producing cow. The weight of cow is average 400-500 kg and weight of bull is about 600-800 kg. color of  body of these cow is fawn. Color of toung and  tail is black. The weight of calf is average 22-33 kg in birth time and be mature early than other cow. Birth time size is smaller than others cow and also weak. So sometimes it can be hard to breed calf after birth. Jersey can give milk for long time. These cow give milk average 3500-4000 litter in a year. The rate of fat in milk is 5%. this type of cow is famous for milk producing. 

Red sindhi:
Red sindhi is originated in Karachi and haidrabad of Pakistan but it is found everywhere in Pakistan. It is also found in America, Canada,  India, srilanka, Bangladesh, Indonesia and Thailand.
The weight of cow is average 350-400 kg and weight of bull is about 425-500 kg. The weight of calf is average 22-25 kg in birth time. color of  body of these cow is deep red. It is famous milk producing in Indian subcontinent. These cow give milk average 2000 litter in a year. The rate of fat in milk is 5%.

Shaiwal:
Shawal is originated in montegomeri district of Punjab of Pakistan but now it is found everywhere of Asia. The size of these cow is long.  The weight of cow is average 450-500 kg and weight of bull is about 600-1000 kg. . color of  body of these cow is light red or yellow.  The weight of calf is average 22-28 kg in birth time. . It is famous milk producing in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. These cow give milk average 3000-4000 litter in a year. The rate of fat in milk is 4.5%. these cow is very good for milk and agriculture.

Hariana:

Hariana is originated in rohtak, hisar, gurgao, karnal, Delhi, of india  but now it is found everywhere of india. The size of these cow is medium.  The weight of cow is average 400-500 kg and weight of bull is about 600-1100 kg. height is 140-145 s.m.  color of  body of these cow is light white.  The weight of calf is average 22-25 kg in birth time. . It is famous for milk producing. These cow give milk average 2000 litter in a year. The rate of fat in milk is 5%. these cow is very good for milk and agriculture.

Tharparkar:
Tharparkar is originated in tharparkar district of sindhu of Pakistan but now it is found everywhere of Pakistan. The size of these cow is medium. color of  body of these cow is white. It is famous for milk and beef. These cow give milk average 2000 litter in a year. The rate of fat in milk is 5%. these cow is very good for milk and agriculture.

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