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fish-farming-system

A limbless cold- blooded Vertebrate animal with gills and fins and living wholly in water. In internal resources of Bangladesh, 260 Species of native and 12 Species of foreign fishes are seen. In the same way , there are 475 species of fishes in seaborne treasure fish culture and fisheries got . Fish culture and fisheries got a momentum in this country after the introduction of induced breeding of carps with pituitary extract in 1967.Once the major carps were the target species,but now many exotic fishes are cultured in ponds an lakes. Of the total annual fish production about 307. Comes from the culture sector and the remaining 70% comes from the inland and marine capture sector. In internal resources the fishes that are commonly seen are Grass carp, Big head carp, Common carp, Tilapia, Catfish, Phai pangs Sorpunti, Mullets (Bata) Chilta, Bual ,Catla, Rui, Shot, Taki, Gojal, etc. Vhuri, Datina, Vetki. Pupechanda, (Pomfrets) Siton, Lakka are the fishes of oceanic treasuri in Bangladesh. 
Shrimp:                                           
In Bangladesh , there are 24 species of shrimp in internal fresh-water resources and 36 species of shrimp in oceanic resources. Among them Lobster, Brown shrimp, white shrimp, pink shrimp are main Lobster is culture in fresh water  and while shrimp and brown shrimp and culture in salt water.

Accommodation/ Resources :
The total Resources In Bangladesh can be classification 3 Ports. Fish , Shrimp and other aquatics live in these Resources . These Resources in Bangladesh regarding their geographical and natural condition, are parted in such way such as.
Inland closed Water Resources :
The total measurement of inland closed water resources in 2,92,378 hector including ponds, canals, coastal shrimp are a etc. Among them the are a of 1,42000 ponds is 1,46890 hector.

 Inland free resources :
The total quantity of inland free resources is 80,47,316 hector, marshy land/ swamp is 1,14161 hector and damped land is 28,32,772 hector.
oceanic Resources :
In the southern part of Bangladesh , the covering of oceanic Resource is 1,66,070,00  hector.
Benefits of Fisheries, collection and Marketing :
A remarkable part of the number of population is restated to it. Not , trotter , Boat , Many types of instrument employed in collection fish-are our asset.

Different Fish Farming System :



Java Barb ( Rajputi)


















Java Barb ( Rajputi)

Farming System of Rajputi ( Java Barb) :
Java Barb is a rapid growth full foreign species. There are some characteristics of it regarding it's Farming system such as ,,,
                                             
* Its possible to form /cultivate  it in small and shallow seasonal ponds and canals or other resources.
* In paddy fedlds it can be farmed
* It grows rapidly and becomes appropriate to be sold within 4-5 month

                                                           
Pond Selection :
One should select pond with mixed soil, the area of 10-25 per hundred. It's depth is must to be 1-1.5 meter.
Preparing pond :
It is very important to prepare the the particular pond properly to make a hopeful benefit from fisheries. Regarding all the aspects and pants lime water, soil ,etc.
Pond should be made ready:
It is important to salted young fishes with big size and obtaining proper quality. The fry should be of the size 6-8 c,m.  Many species need periodic sorting by size, so that larger  fish do not cannibalize smaller fish. With favorable water conditions, regular water change, and generous feeding, the fry should grow quickly. Cull unhealthy and deformed fish. 
Equipping/ Supping Supplementary food:
The habits of taking food of various species are different. food for Rajputi  (Java Barb) Is to be supplied at two times doily Rajputi Is fond of mustard-cake, rich-dust, insect larvae and small fry. Per day 2-3kg. Small fry is needed to be provided. 
Using lime and fertilizer after storing  :
By rising the alkalinity and hardness of water , liming serves as direct source of soluble calcium for pond food organics. To time one firstly have  to do is to make the selected pond dried .Nest, to determine weather a pond needs to be timed, check total alkalinity. Collect a water sample from the several inches below the surface, making sure the sample contains no bottom sediment .
Regarding the conditions of soil and water, 25-40 kg . cow-dung or 100-150kg cock-dust or, 35kg mustard-cake is needed. 
Cate hing fish and marketing :
If balanced food is provided and sufficient caring is ensured, Rajputi  ( Java Barb)  a obtain the weight of 150-200gm. In seasonal pond, catching fish will be finished within 6-7 month.

Goat farming

In ruminant animals goat and sheep are the first domestic animal. Goat are very useful animals. Meet and milk of goat are very nutritious and goat farming is very easy. Goat are small so it take small place and it suffer from disease less than other domestic animals. They are very productive cause female goat give birth minimum 4 child in a year. Generally black Bengal goat is very familiar in Bangladesh.
Benefits from goat, Goat farming got farming in bangladesh, breeding  Goat ,Jamunapari goat gives a large quantity of milk, nutritious,  protein in goat milk,

Benefits from goat :
Goat are become perfect for breeding within 6 or 7 month and goat give birth minimum  child in a year.
goat are small domestic animal so it takes small place. Small capital is needed for goat farming so everyone can do it.
goat can survive easily than others domestic animals.
goat need little amount of food than cow or buffalo.
it suffer from disease less than other domestic animals. 
milk of goat are very nutritious.  


Goat milk :
Black Bengal goat give a little quantity of milk but Jamunapari goat gives a large quantity of milk. Goat milk and its products of yoghurt, cheese and powder have three-fold significance in human nutrition. Feeding more starving and malnourished people in the developing world than from cow milk. treating people afflicted with cow.
Milk allergies and Castro-intestinal disorders, which is a significant segment in many populations of developed countries; and  filling the gastronomic needs of connoisseur consumers, which is a growing market share in many developed countries. It has been found that goat milk has a significantly higher dye-binding capacity per unit protein
(1% more than cow milk) and a lower infra-red
absorption (4% less than cow milk), making it necessary to use different calibration curves for each species to measure milk protein
content. This has been confirmed in studies, when testing with cow milk standards resulted in 0.04% less fat and 0.27% less protein in goat milk.
Goat Meet : 
Goat meet is known as mutton in our country. The nutrient value of meat, as also other food items, is becoming increasingly important in the health
management of people. Calcium is an important element in the body required for bone development, neuron-muscular activity, secretory
functions, buffers, certain co-enzymes and nutrients for the nursed young. A comparison of the vitamin content of mutton, liver and kidney indicates the richer source these organs are than muscle. These differences could be expected in goats also.
 
Goat skin :
Plain, natural shaped calfskin and goatskin hides are becoming more and more popular for accent pieces. In addition, many people buy calfskin to make into lampshades.
A single goat skin hide will measure approximately 2 x 3 feet in dimension, with a typical calf skin being about the same size. This is the perfect size for a small accent rug. In addition, both, goat skins and calf skins can be easily cut up to use in upholstering furniture.


Goat hair : 

Goat is the source of the wool that becomes cashmere fiber for clothing and other textile articles.

Taro cultivation

After complete this lesson you will be able.
Knowing about importance and use of taro.
Knowing about climate and soil demand of taro.
Describing cultivation method of .
Knowing about internal nursing of taro.
Describing collect crops and production of taro.


                                                                                                 
Scientific name :  colocasia esculenta var .antiquorum.

Taro (colocasia esculenta var .antiquorum) is Araceae families vegetable. In production taro is very important in Bangladesh. It cultivate all in Bangladesh sylhet,jessor,bogura is famous for taro. Somewhere it’s calle.


                              
Importance of taro:
cultivate,colocasia esculenta var .antiquorum. vegetable,cultivate ,Seeds weight,hector, irrigation in taro,In vitamin colocasia esculenta var .antiquorum. is very important.  Taro is full a lot of vitamin instead of potato . in a statistics we can see taro’s digest power is high. In taros leaf we can see a lot of vitamin that can’t found in any other vegetables. In taro there are many medicine quality.
                                                                                              
Climate,land and soil:
Taro likes dry and wet climate. 25°-40° c temperature is good for taro. It’s grown well in lightly land. Flood free sandy of two grains to of two grains land is important for cultivating taro.
Verities : 
In Bangladesh cultivated a lot of verities of taro. Locally some verities just lalmy, sylity boguriy lakhikundu jessory taro is important. Bilasi is a  high product verities. It’s tree is high, green  and product a lot of small plant. Taro (colocasia esculenta var .antiquorum.) products 25 ton per hector.
Panchomukhi taro, garo taro, thama taro , garo  thama taro, jangli taro etc are same group.

Pedigree extension
Taros  Pedigree extension is done by cor.

Planting time of taro :
Taro is a khorip monsoon crops. Crops will be grown in last part of winter(January-may). March month is the best time for growing taro before march if plant grow, it’s production will low. After weaving seed soil will be covered with mulching.

Seeds weight:
Cultivating taro needs 800-1000kg corn seeds per hector.




Make land:
For cultivate taro soil will be drizzling properly. Seeds can be weaving various method. Generally it grow in land by furrow. Taros seed plant in rank. Every rank will far 40-50 cm.

Weight and use of fertilizer in cultivate taro:

Weight of fertilizer
Time of use
Nitrogen  1st step
40
After 15-30 days of plant grow
2nd  step
40
After 60-90days of plant grow
T S P
50
Make a land
M P 1st step
50
Make a land
1st over use
50
After 15-30 days of plant grow
Cow dug
10000-12000
Make a land
Mustard cake
500-800
Make a land
All cow-dug fertilizer mixed with soil in the time of making land.

Other nursing 
Irrigation: in taros land will be given little irrigation. After plant a bit irrigation helps grow plant quickly. if   not rain or soil wet low then needs irrigation. Irrigation will be given by the canal in middle of two tardy. This canal are used both irrigation and extraction.soil give on trees tuber and give straw on land: Ride give high is a main nursing  of taro. Ridge can’t give in 1 time, it gives 2-3 times. If trees tuber covered properly then small plant can’t grown. Malching  is very important  for taro. Straw is to be given on land so that illegal plant can’t grow. It also helps to fertile the land.  
Insects and diseases: leaf scorch diseases is very harmful, it can control using cooper.

Crops life time:  Generally taro is 150-210 days crops.

Collect crops: in the rainy monsoon taros leaf will red and yellow. it is the time of collect taro. Generally it collects in November to December. If we want to use it as a seed we will collect it after tree die. After cleaned it can be stored and sell.        
  
 Production: production depends on climate, verities and nursing. It product 20-25 ton per hector.

Indian Spinach

*Describing importance of Indian Spinach.
*Describing production Monsoon and environmental demand of Indian spinach.
*Telling about cultivate method of Indian spinach.

Scientific Name: Basella alba
Indian spinach very important in Bangladesh. Indian spinach is main vegetable in Khorip Monsoon. Its taste is very high and reserved a lot of vitamin . Its leaf has a lot of prote4in, vitamin A, B, C, calcium and iron.

Climate, Land and Soil :
Indian Spinach is grown well in the dry and wet climate. It is very hardly tree. Moreover it grow a little light. Sandy of two grains soil is suitable for Indian Spinach . Indian Spinach is cultivated water flood water can't stock.

Verities Name :
Green and red verities are seen in locally. Green verities grow quickly and give high product. Red verities grow slowly and give low product, but taste and market value in high.
                                                                                   
Pedigree Extension :
Indian Spinach pedigree extension is done by seed. Farmer cultivate it by seed.

Time of seed weaving:
Generally Indian Spinach is cultivate in Khorip Monsoon. If there is irrigation system is can be cultivate in robi monsoon. For cultivating it May-Jun is perfect time.
                                                                                                             

Seed Weight:
Sprinkle weaving need 3-4 kg seed per hector bun rand weaving needs 1.5-2.5 kg seed per hector.
Make land and seed weaving  :
Indian Spinach cultivates in two method. One is seed weaving directly on land. Another is made remedy on other land and come to the main land.

Weaving seed directly on land:
Made bed that width 1m, and length is necessary. It's height is 10-15cm. So that rain water can't reserve. 30 cm  width and 20 cm width and 20 cm depth canal are needed in every tardy. Every rand seeds weaving 2-3

Remedy production and grow :
In this method at first weaving in a seed polt. When plant become 5 month then it is grown in the main land. Before weaving seeds wet 12-24 hour in water and it plant in the 3-4 cm.distance. Generally 1 hector land cane be planted 100 squire miter seep polt. Bade, canal,distance of a tree, per bade number of rank is the same weaving seed directly on land.

Fertilizer Name
      Fertility      
Of  
Land
Time of give fertilizer

Low
Middle
High

Nitrogen
1st over use
120
100
80
After 7-15 days of plant grow
2nd over use
120
100
80
After 30-40 days of plant grow
3rd over use
120
100
80
After cut crops 1st time.
4th over use
120
100
80
After cut crops 2nd  time.
T S P
Basel Dose

150

120

100

Before last cultivation
M P
Basel Dose
Over use


120
100

100
80

80
50
Before last cultivation
After cut crops 1st time
Cow Dug
Basel Dose

10000

5000

5000
Before last cultivation 

Fertilizer weight and use method of Indian Spinach:
After 7-15 and 30-40 days of growing plant, first and second time over use of Nitrogen.

Other Nursing:
Irrigation system:
In Indian spinach land irrigation  give using bade and canal . For irrigation in all land canal is very necessary. Extra rain water or irrigation water can be give out by this canal. Where is not bed, there irrigation can be give by the canal. For cultivation Indian spinach soil wet must 65%.
Control illegal plant, soil give in tree: put out illegal plant timely and give soil in the tree. Over use of fertilizer, control illegal plant and give soil in the tree can be done in the same time. Indian Spinach put on the platform. Platform can 1.5 meter height. For good production, after cut crops Nitrogen and M.P use properly. Then give a little irrigation.


Indian Spinach: 

Insects and disease:
In Indian spinach very hardly disease can't attack. If leaf rot attack then dither 45 m can be used.

Life Time : Indian spinach life is 60-150 days.
When tip will be tall 25-30 c.m then it collect. It can be collect before fruit come in Indian spinach. Generally it can be collected in the month September . Indian Spinach give production 50-75 ton per hector.

Quail Farming

Benefits of Quail Breeding:
Many Quail breeds easily in small place for its small size. Anybody can establish a small Quail farm because of lowest starting expense. 6-8 Quail can be bred in 0.093 square meter place. Quail become adult within five week after born and it gives egg at the age of 6-7 week that’s why it is called as animal’s crops in short time. Each Quail can give 290-300 egg in a year. Its egg and meat is very testy. 72.5% of  broiler Quail l’s body  can be used as meat that means 102-110g.m meat can be found from a Quail which weight 140-150g.m. Quail can survive easily than hen so that maintain cost is saved. No injection and medicine is needed for Quail because Quail don’t suffer from disease like as other animals. After all lowest cost is needed for Quail breeding. Quail is bred in artificial method after born. The whole time of Quail breeding is divided in two part.
1. New born Quail breeding
2. Adult Quail breeding



Brooding :
brooding means breeding Quail in artificial heat at the age of 1 day to 14 day.  Brooding temperature means appropriate temperature for Quail in this time. This temperature helps to improve digest power. Brooding time is very dangerous for new born Quail cause this time is very sensitive. For mismanagement Quail can die.
Breeding:
laying part is 54 week long means till 6-60 week age and breeding part is 20 week long.
There are three method of Quail breeding-
1. Cage system
2. Litter system
3.Combined system

Cage system:
In this method brooding, bearing and breeding is completed in cage. This cage space is depending on number of Quail. Limited place is needed for this system.

Litter system :
 In this method brooding, bearing and breeding is completed in floor which is made by ash, torn paper and other elements. More places are needed than cage system in this method.


Combined system :
in this system brooding part is completed in cage and other part is completed in litter system. 

Food and nutrition of Quail
There is four stages of feed nutrients of Quail breeding-
1. Starter stage
2. Grower stage
3. Layer stage
4. Breeder stage
Starter Stage :
From birth to 3 week aged Quail is very sensitive so they need extra care. Cause this time is critical of their life. Physical growth is in higher label in this stage. It is needed 27%  meat and 2800 kilo calorie strength in their food in starter stage.

Grower Stage :

Physical growth of female Quail is higher than male Quail in this stage. It is needed 27%  meat and 2800 Quail calorie strength in their food in this stage.


Layer/Breeder Stage:
after 6 week Quail lay eggs. It is needed 22% meat and 2700 Quail calorie strength in their food in this stage.

Food table of Quail:
Various nutrition elements is needed in various age for coil. This nutrition should mix for proper food table. There is enough Calcium and phosphorus in food but other nutrition can be less so other elements should mixed as supplementary.

Food table of Japanese Quail.
Elements
(100kg)
    1 to
3 week
   4 to
5 week
   6 to
Other time
Maize
34.80
45.70
34.00
45.70
47.90
46.25
Rice polish
10.00
     -
10.00
    -
      -
     -
Rice Kura
   -
-
-
-
-
8.00
Wheat Kura
-
-
-
-
5.00
-
Almond cake
27.00
20.00
32.00
20.00
23.00
21.00
Maize cake
-
10.00
-
10.00
10.00
10.00
Sunflower cake
15.00
-
10.00
10.00
-
-
Fish meal
6.00
13.00
13.00
13.00
6.00
-
Meat meal
6.00
-
-
-
-
6.00
Bone grain
0.38
0.60
0.30
0.60
1.90
1.50
Limestone
0.40
-
-
-
5.50
6.70
Vitamin-minerals
0.30
0.30
0.30
0.30
0.30
0.30
Mustard cake
-
10.00
-
-
-
-

Easy food table of Japanese Quail in this Country.

  Food element
1 -3 week
4-5 week
6- other week
Wheat grain
50.00
50.00
50.00
Cake of sesame
23.00
23.00
23.00
Dry fish grain
18.00
15.00
12.00
Rice koura
6.00
8.00
9.00
Oyster grain
2.40
3.40
5.30
Salt
0.30
0.30
0.40
Vitamins -minerals
0.30(g.s)
0.30(g.s)
0.30(l.)
Total
100.00
100.00
100.00


Quantity of food of Quail .
Little quantity of food is needed for Quail. Only 400 g.m food is needed for a coil from birth to 5 week.
Age (week)
Male
Female
Average food taking
g.m/coil/day
0
7.2
7.4
-
1
22.8
23.5
3
2
46.3
48.0
8
3
73.3
77.4
11
4
90.5
100.6
15
5
111.93
122.3
17
6
124.5
151.7
21
10
139.8
170.6
23-25
                                            
                                                  
Nursing a Baby Quail .
A baby Quail may be nurtured in a battery or litter process. Whether it is nurtured in a battery or liter process, it must be hard. The room must be built thus the light can be entered in the room; water might not entered into the room in the rainy season. Rats or any other insects might not harm. Besides the room must be aloof from poultry firm. The room must be neat and clean and germ free. The separate room should be used for brooding of baby Quail.
For nursing a baby Quail, the following directions must be followed.
Such as 1.accurate temperature
2. Lot of light
3. Air circulation
4. Food and water management
5. Phickness of baby Quail.
6. Healthy Environment

Nursing Aged Quail .
An aged muddy Quail is nurtured in layer firm or in a case from the age of 6th week. The male and female Quail should be nurtured separately. Generally Quails of aged of seven or eight weeks are kept together for bleeder. For this purpose at The age of three or five weeks when the feather color changes, up to the time of bleeding. They are nurtured separately. Besides the male and female Quail should not be kept together. Rather in necessary the male Quail have to be entered into female Quail for biological intercourse and after fixed time they must be separated though they are fostered  in battery or litter process, battery process is easy, safe and health some for nursing Quail. So firming is firming is profitable in this way. So the Quail farmers have to follow the instructions for nursing Quails. 
Lear Quail’s Table:
Age
(week)
Temperature
Light
(hourly)
Humidity
Floor space
Food space
Water space
1at
35º Fahrenheit
24
60-65
75
2
1
2nd
30 º Fahrenheit
24
60-65
85
2
1
3rd
25 º Fahrenheit
12
55-60
100
2
1
4th
21 º Fahrenheit
12
55-60
115
2.5
1.5
5th
ʺ
12
ʺ
130
2.5
1.5
6th
ʺ
13
ʺ
150
3
2
7th
ʺ
14
ʺ
160
ʺ
ʺ

ʺ
15
ʺ
170
ʺ
ʺ

8th
16
ʺ
180-200
ʺ
ʺ
Other time
9th
16
ʺ
ʺ
ʺ
ʺ
                           

Nursing a Baby Quail:
A baby Quail may be nurtured in a battery or litter process. Whether it is nurtured in a battery or liter process, it must be hard. The room must be built thus the light can be entered in the room; water might not entered into the room in the rainy season. Rats or any other insects might not harm. Besides the room must be aloof from poultry firm. The room must be neat and clean and germ free. The separate room should be used for brooding of baby Quail.
For nursing a baby Quail, the following directions must be followed.
Such as 1.accurate temperature
2. Lot of light
3. Air circulation
4. Food and water management
5. Phickness of baby   
                           
" Nursing a Baby Quail "
A baby Quail may be nurtured in a battery or litter process. Whether it is nurtured in a battery or liter process, it must be hard. The room must be built thus the light can be entered in the room; water might not entered into the room in the rainy season. Rats or any other insects might not harm. Besides the room must be aloof from poultry firm. The room must be neat and clean and germ free. The separate room should be used for brooding of baby Quail.
For nursing a baby Quail , the following directions must be followed.
Such as 1.accurate temperature
2. Lot of light
3. Air circulation
4. Food and water management
5. Density of baby.
6. Healthy Environment

 “Nursing Aged Quail”
An aged muddy Quail is nurtured in layer firm or in a case from the age of 6th week. The male and female Quail should be nurtured separately. Generally Quail of aged of seven or eight weeks are kept together for bleeder. For this purpose at the age of three or five weeks when the feather color changes, up to the time of bleeding. They are nurtured separately. Besides the male and female Quail should not be kept together. Rather in necessary the male Quail  have to be entered into female Quail  for biological intercourse and after fixed time they must be separated though they are fostered  in battery or litter process, battery process is easy, safe and health some for nursing Quail. So firming is firming is profitable in this way. So the Quail farmers have to follow the instructions for nursing